See the following website for USPTO official glossary


Following are some terms used in this website

Claims: The legal statements in a regular application that define what a patent owner has exclusive rights to.

Declaration   A signed statement by the inventors stating that they believe they are the inventors, that they are familiar with the contents of the patent application, and that they will disclose to the patent office any information that may affect patentability of then invention that they are aware of.

Effective Filing Date: The priority date of a regular Patent Application. In most cases it is either the actual filing date of the regular  patent application recorded by the patent office, or the filing date of a provisional patent application which the regular application properly refers to.

Information Disclosure Statement (IDS) A list of the references that the inventors are aware of that may affects the patentability of the invention claimed in the nonprovisional patent application.  To avoid a fee, the IDS must be filed with the application or within three months of the application filing date.

Invention:   Any art or process (way of doing or making things), machine, manufacture, design, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, or any variety of plant, which is or may be patentable under the patent laws of the United States.

Infringer: Any party who implements a method, apparatus or composition of matter that implements the claimed invention without the patent  owner’s permission.

New Matter: Subject matter that was not present in the original application as filed.  New matter cannot be added to a pending patent application by amendment.

Nonprovisional Patent Application: A patent application when filed with the Patent Office establishes the actual filing date and initiates the examination process. A Nonprovisional utility patent application must include a specification, including a claim or claims; drawings, when necessary; an oath or declaration; and the prescribed filing fee

Provisional Patent Application:  An application containing a detailed description and figures (if necessary)  that describes the invention. It is filed to provide a priority date of the invention. It is never prosecuted, but is referenced in a regular Patent application to claim the priority date.

Prior Art: Existing patents, publications, public disclosures and  public use that will invalidate a patent claim or claims based on US patent law.

Regular Patent Application:  Our user-friendly name for a Nonprovisional Patent Application

Specification: A written description of the invention and the manner and process of making and using it